International career options: Study materials can lead to an international career. In the race to make things stronger, cheaper, lighter, more functional and more sustainable, the manipulation of materials, their properties and processes is crucial. Every company in the world is interested in improving it.
The field of materials science and engineering is important both from a scientific point of view and for the field of application. Materials are of paramount importance to engineers (or other applied fields) because using proper materials is crucial when designing systems.
Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Metallurgy and Materials Engineering encompass the engineering principles required to concentrate, extract and refine metals, materials and carbon (char) materials, and to develop new alloys and materials, including ceramics and composites .
In broad terms, metallurgy covers the entire chain of production of metallic materials, from mineral exploration, mining, concentration, smelting, refining and materials engineering. In a narrower sense, metallurgy is about the extraction of metals from ores, concentrates or other resources.
Metallurgists and metallurgical engineers are also responsible for the interface with manufacturing to meet production needs in an environmentally responsible manner by designing processes and products that minimize waste, maximize energy efficiency, increase performance and facilitate recycling< /b>.
Metallurgical engineers also perform tests to ensure the safety of materials, develop sustainable materials and processes for recycling existing materials, investigate material defects, and create test procedures to ensure materials withstand extreme environments.
They form the backbone of modern airplanes, automobiles, trains, ships and endless recreational vehicles; Building; implantable devices; cutlery and cookware; coins and jewelry; fire arms; and musical instruments. The uses are endless.
The development of metallurgy has had a profound impact on the environment and the relationship between man and nature. Wherever iron was introduced, deforestation and an increase in agriculture followed. Mining has leached acids and toxic minerals, including mercury and arsenic, into nearby waterways.