When most people think of traditional Chinese clothing for women, they usually think of qipao (旗袍 qípáo), also known as cheongsam. The qipao has its origins in the Qing Dynasty and was the dress of Manchu women.
Chinese clothing has been shaped by their dynastic traditions as well as foreign influences. Chinese clothing shows the traditional fashion sensibility of Chinese cultural traditions, forming one of the most important cultural facets of Chinese civilization.
‘Long Robe’) and Dagua (Chinese: 大褂; pinyin: Dàguà; lit. ‘Big Jacket’) is a traditional Manchu dress (or robe, long jacket or tunic) that is worn by men. In its function, it is considered the male equivalent of the women’s cheongsam (qipao).
Many supporters believe that wearing hanfu gives them a strong sense of national identity. Many universities in China have Hanfu societies whose members wear Hanfu to celebrate traditional Chinese festivals and take this opportunity to introduce their Hanfu attire to others.
The Hanfu, Zhongshan suit (Mao suit), Tang suit and Cheongsam (Qipao) are the four most distinctive styles of traditional Chinese clothing.
Women wore long tunics, sometimes with a second tunic over the first. Some worn trousers under their tunics. The men wore shorter tunics over trousers. In colder weather, people wore warm, short jackets.
Kimono is Japanese traditional & unique dress showing the Japanese fashion sense. Let’s explore the origin of the kimono. The Japanese kimono (or “gofuku” in other words) descends from the garments worn in China during the Wu Dynasty.
Red – Fire. Red is a popular color in Chinese culture and symbolizes happiness, joy and happiness. It also represents celebration, vitality and fertility in traditional Chinese color symbolism. Red is the traditional color worn by Chinese brides as it is believed to ward off evil.
Diyi. Diyi (翟衣) is the traditional Chinese dress worn by empresses and crown princesses (the crown prince’s wife) in the Ming Dynasty. It was formal attire meant for ceremonial purposes only. It was a form of shenyi and was embroidered with long-tailed pheasants (翟, Di) and circular flowers (小輪花).
A renewed sense of identity. Initially banned by rulers of the Manchurian Qing Dynasty who wanted to consolidate their power over a larger ethnic group, Hanfu continued to be marginalized during the Mao Zedong era. Traditional Chinese clothing was considered a symbol of the imperial era and therefore contradicted communist ideals.
Other visual clues to distinguish hanfu and kimono are: hanfu sash is usually tied in front while kimono obi is usually tied in back, kimono obi is much wider, thicker and stiffer than hanfu -Sash, kimono sleeves are more rectangular, while hanfu sleeves are more curved, kimono sleeves are open at the back…
While the terms cheongsam and qipao are often used interchangeably (the two terms actually refer to the same garment), they actually have different origins. Cheongsam comes from Cantonese and means “long dress”, while qipao comes from Mandarin and literally means “banner robe”.