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Where Do Archaeologists Excavate?

FAQs Jackson Bowman September 7, 2022

Artifacts can be almost anywhere – on the sea floor, in caves, buried underground. How do archaeologists know where to look? Sometimes they are lucky. A worker may dig a new basement and a 2,000-year-old bowl emerges!

How do archaeologist excavate a site?

The key points to remember are: A lot of “digging” in archeology consists of carefully scraping off dirt with a trowel. Everything – including the locations of artifacts and features, the profiles and configurations of units, and each layer of earth – must be recorded during an excavation.

How are excavation sites found?

Increasingly, archaeologists are finding sites by searching satellite imagery, including Google Earth. For example, during a recent drought in England, the remains of ancient features began to appear in the landscape and were visible from above. Remote sensing can also focus on smaller areas.

What are 5 ways that archaeologists find sites to excavate?

What did archaeologists Excavate?

Archaeological excavation is the process by which archaeologists define, retrieve and record cultural and biological remains found in the ground. Past activities leave traces in the form of house foundations, tombs, artifacts, bones, seeds, and numerous other traces that point to human experiences.

Where does an archaeologist work?

Archaeologists find employment in federal and state agencies, museums and historic sites, colleges and universities, and engineering firms with cultural resource management departments. Some archaeologists work as consultants or start their own businesses.

What is excavation site?

In archaeology, excavation is the uncovering, processing and recording of archaeological remains. A dig site or “dig” is the examined area. These locations range from one to multiple areas at a time during a project and can be done over a few weeks to several years.

How do archaeology sites get buried?

Most ancient cities are buried under the dust and debris of structures that have collapsed over the centuries and millennia after their destruction and abandonment.

Where do archaeologists look for artifacts?

Artifacts can be almost anywhere – on the sea floor, in caves, buried underground. How do archaeologists know where to look? Sometimes they are lucky. A worker may dig a new basement and a 2,000-year-old bowl emerges!

How archaeologists find and dig the past?

Archaeology is based on the scientific method. Archaeologists ask questions and develop hypotheses. They use evidence to choose a dig site, and then use scientific sampling techniques to choose where on the site to dig. They observe, record, categorize and interpret what they find.

What is an archaeological site called?

A site that is being or has been excavated. Excavation. hole. pit. hollow.

Where can I find archeological sites?

Techniques such as aerial and satellite photography and light detection and ranging (LiDAR) allow archaeologists to locate sites from above. Aerial photos can be particularly useful over farmland.

Why do archaeologists excavate?

For these reasons, archaeologists generally only dig when destruction is imminent or when they can reveal important information about ancient cultures. And they usually only excavate a small part of a site.

How is excavation done?

The on-site excavation workflow includes understanding the centerline and excavation drawings, staking off plan on the ground, excavating soil and removing excess soil. Quality checks such as recording ground level and marking reference points should be performed.

Why do we excavate?

Excavated material is used in construction to create building foundations, reservoirs and roads. Some of the different processes used in excavation include trenching, digging, dredging and site development. Each of these processes requires unique techniques, tools, and machines to get the job done right.

How do you excavate?

Are archaeologists rich?

Archaeologists made an average salary of $66,130 in 2020. The highest paid 25% made $84,560 that year, while the lowest paid 25% made $51,170.

Is being an archaeologist fun?

Archaeology is always exciting and fun.

As with any job or occupation, archeology has many tasks that are difficult, dirty, and sometimes less than exciting, but get the job done have to.

What are three careers in archaeology?

Why do archaeologists have to dig to find sites and artefacts?

To get the archaeological evidence, archaeologists dig through these layers of built-up soil and earth to try to understand the processes by which the layers were built up over time and to find artifacts buried in the layers.

References:

  1. https://stoneageman.com/here-is-how-archaeologists-excavate-sites/
  2. https://theconversation.com/how-do-archaeologists-know-where-to-dig-147176
  3. https://bonebroke.org/2015/02/27/how-do-archaeologists-find-sites/
  4. https://link.springer.com/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1494
  5. https://www.saa.org/about-archaeology/archaeology-as-a-career
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Archaeological_excavation
  7. https://www.nytimes.com/ask/answers/what-is-the-process-that-buries-ancient-cites-under-modern-ones
  8. https://online.kidsdiscover.com/unit/archaeology/topic/where-do-archaeologists-dig
  9. https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/archaeology/
  10. https://www.wordhippo.com/what-is/another-word-for/archaeological_site.html
  11. https://stoneageman.com/how-do-archaeologists-locate-sites/
  12. https://www.saa.org/about-archaeology/what-do-archaeologists-do
  13. https://theconstructor.org/practical-guide/work-procedure-excavation/1632/
  14. https://wollamconstruction.com/excavation-construction/
  15. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PcT1vGyJzyg
  16. https://money.usnews.com/careers/best-jobs/archaeologist
  17. https://www.archaeologysouthwest.org/2015/10/03/top-ten-myths-and-misconceptions-about-archaeology/
  18. https://www.jobmonkey.com/archaeology/
  19. https://www.lparchaeology.com/prescot/learning/why-do-archaeologists-dig

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