In addition to the mahogany, cedar and ironwood trees, there are also fruit trees with mango, guava, grapefruit and avocado. It is said that Cuba has more than 70 million palm trees, this is the highest density in the world.
The Cuban royal palm (Roystonea regia), a majestic and ornamental species of palm, is the more common tree in Cuban countries, where it is recognized as a national tree.
Cuba’s most famous orchid, a type of flower the country is known for, is the White Ginger or White Mariposa. The White Mariposa or Butterfly Jasmine (Hedychium coronarium) is Cuba’s national flower.
In 2010, Cuba had 4.24 Mha of tree cover, covering 38% of its land area. In 2021, it lost 9.72 Tha of tree cover, which 4.60 Mt CO₂ emissions. Explore interactive charts and maps summarizing key statistics about forests in Cuba.
Cuba’s lush tropical flora includes thousands of flowering plant species, half of which may be endemic to the archipelago. Much of the original vegetation has been replaced by sugar cane, coffee and rice plantations, made possible by the widespread and indiscriminate destruction of forests.
Location: The Pouteria sapota is commonly referred to as the Cuban Mamey fruit tree because it is the national fruit of Cuba.
Pinus cubensis, or Cuban pine, is a pine endemic to the eastern highlands of the island of Cuba, inhabiting both the Sierra Nipe-Cristal and Sierra Maestra. The closely related Hispaniola pine (P. occidentalis), native to the neighboring island of Hispaniola, is treated as a synonym by some botanists.
Cuba is famous for its cigars, rum made from sugar cane, its ladies, salsa and other Cuban dance styles, Fidel Castro and Che Guevara, 1950’s cars, Spanish colonial architecture, the Cuban National Ballet, Buena Vista Social Club and Guantanamo Bay.
Cuba has a population of over 11 million. Farmland covers almost a third of Cuba. The soil is very fertile and allows up to two harvests per year. However, the highly variable nature of annual rainfall has historically plagued agriculture.
The Cuban Moist Forests is a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion occupying 21,400 km2 (8,300 sq mi; 5,300,000 acres) on Cuba and Isla de la Juventud . The ecoregion receives more than 2,000 mm of rainfall annually and has no dry season.
According to the UN FAO, 26.1% or about 2,870,000 ha of Cuba is forested. Cuba had 486,000 hectares of planted forest.
Of the islands in the Caribbean, Cuba has the most species of palm trees, followed by Hispaniola. Windward and Leeward Islands have the fewest.
Avocados in Cuba tend to be large and don’t take long to ripen in the warm air due to the climate. The avocados in Cuba are a different variety from the Hass avocados commonly found in UK supermarkets today.
Since the early 17th century, when the mango first arrived in Cuba from Jamaica, it has been one of the nation’s most popular fruits. The mango is widespread throughout Cuba, but the main growing area is around Havana and in the hills of Santiago de Cuba.
How to say hello in Cuba. Aside from the usual Spanish greetings (hola, buen dia), Cubans also have their own way of greeting people. In an informal situation, it’s very common to hear the phrase Qué bolá, which is a phrase similar to “What’s up” in English.