What were the goals of Chief Joseph’s speech? Peace between the settlers and Native Americans and a peaceful return to the Wallowa Valley.
Chief Joseph (1840-1904) succeeded his father as Chief of the Nez Percé in 1871. Six years later, he led his followers on an unsuccessful rout to escape captivity on a reservation. First sent to Oklahoma, they were eventually returned to a new reservation in Washington state.
However, a bloody five-day battle in freezing conditions in 1877 weakened the Nez Perce. Instead of sacrificing the rest of his people, Chief Joseph surrendered. The “I Will Fight No More Forever” speech attributed to Chief Joseph is undoubtedly moving.
This portion of the speech highlights Chief Joseph’s humanity as a leader. He describes his heart as “sick and sad” and admits that he can no longer fight and will never fight again.
Chief Joseph knew that his small tribe of 800 people and 200 warriors was no match for the US Army. To save his people, he retreated. He hoped to make it to Canada where he would meet up with Sitting Bull’s Sioux tribe.
Chief Joseph was a Nez Perce chief who, in the face of white settlement in Oregon, led his followers to escape to Canada in a dramatic attempt.
Unable to fight any longer, Chief Joseph surrendered to the Army with the understanding that he and his people would be allowed to return to the western Idaho reservation.
“I believe that much trouble and blood would be saved if we opened our hearts more.” “It doesn’t take many words to tell the truth.” “The earth is the mother of all people and all people should have equal rights on it.”
Intro: Chief Joesph defines freedom similar to the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, but with one major flaw. He sees it as applying to all people of all nationalities in the United States.
“Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. Where the sun is coming from now , I shall fight no more forever.” On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph spoke these words during his surrender in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana.
As they began their journey to Idaho, Chief Joseph learned that a group of Nez Percé men, angry at the loss of their homes, had killed some white settlers in the Salmon River area. Fearing retaliation from the US Army, the Chief withdrew.
Chief Joseph got rid of his Bible and his American flag because he wanted to get rid of the white lifestyle. The Nez Perce moved east and began fighting the whites, so they heard that Sitting Bull and his followers were being given sanctuary there.
Chief Joseph, Native American name In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat, (born c. 1840, Wallowa Valley, Oregon Territory – died 21 September 1904, Colville Reservation, Washington, USA), Chief the Nez Percé, who led his followers in a dramatic attempt to flee to Canada in the face of white settlement in Oregon’s tribal areas.
When Geronimo was captured on September 4, 1886, he was the last Native American leader to formally surrender to the US military. He spent the last 23 years of his life as a prisoner of war.
As Joseph grew up and assumed the chiefship, he was under increasing pressure from the government to give up his Wallowa lands and join the rest of the Nez Perce on their reservation near Lapwai, Idaho. Joseph refused, saying he had promised his father that he would never leave.
From where the sun is now I will not fight forever.”. He was tired and feeling bad/sad because they were in a war and many natives died. He decided not to fight any more.