The Canadian Shield is so large that the climate there varies. Typical Canadian Shield: pine trees, lakes, bogs and rocks. In the southern parts the climate is seasonal; the average temperature in winter is -, 4 degrees F (-18 degrees C) and in summer 77 degrees F (25 degrees C)..p>
On the east and west coasts, average high temperatures are generally in the low 20 °C (70 °F), while between coasts average summer high temperatures range from 25 to 30 °C (77 to 86°F), with temperatures occasionally exceeding 40°C (104°F) in some indoor areas.
The Northern Canadian Shield Taiga is notable for spanning almost a quarter of the linear extent of the tree line – the transition from taiga to tundra – in North America. The climate of this ecoregion is deep to high subarctic, characterized by short, cool summers and very cold winters.
The climate of Canada’s Shield region is characterized by short, dry summers. Rain falls most frequently between the months of July and October, and there is a lot of snow in winter. The winters are long and brutally cold with temperatures as low as -40 degrees Celsius.
Victoria, British Columbia
It boasts the highest average temperatures in the entire country, with an average daily high of 7.6 degrees Celsius (45.7 degrees Fahrenheit) and a daily average low temperature of 1.5 degrees Celsius (34.7 degrees Fahrenheit) in January, the peak of the Canadian winter.
The name “Canada” probably comes from the Huron Iroquois word “kanata”, meaning “village” or “settlement”. In 1535, two young Aborigines told the French explorer Jacques Cartier about the route to kanata; they actually referred to the village of Stadacona, the location of present-day Quebec City.
This diversity, ranging from tundra to tropics, occurs because the country stretches over such a large area from north to south. Most of the United States is in the mid-latitudes, where the climate is temperate. Canada is colder because so much of it is far north in the higher latitudes.
The coldest place in Canada, based on the average annual temperature, is Eureka, Nunavut, where the average annual temperature is -19.7°C or -3°F. However, the coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was −63.0 °C or −81 °F in Snag, Yukon.
The Canadian Shield is the largest region in Canada, covering almost half of the country and is also one of the largest geological continental shields in the world. This plateau covers most of Greenland and also part of the northern United States.
The Canadian Shield forms the largest mass of exposed Precambrian rocks on the Earth’s surface. The region as a whole consists of ancient crystalline rocks whose complex structure bears witness to a long history of uplift and depression, mountain building (orogeny) and erosion.
Precambrian rock is the main component of bedrock. The North American Craton is the bedrock that forms the heart of the North American continent, and the Canadian Shield is the largest exposed portion of the craton’s bedrock.
As the only portion of Alberta that is part of the physiographic region known as the Precambrian Shield, the Canadian Shield Natural Region is a small yet distinctive piece of wilderness in Alberta’s northeasternmost corner.
The Canadian Shield takes its name from its shape, which resembles an ancient shield erected and ready to defend North America. The bare surface of the Canadian Shield makes it much more useful for mining, logging, hydroelectric power generation, and similar operations that do not require deep earth.
As far as countries go, Canada is pretty much the coolest – literally. It vies with Russia for first place as the world’s coldest nation, with an average daily annual temperature of —5.6°C.
Canada is (really) cold.
‘In our huge country we have an average daily temperature of -5.6°C. This is deadly cold. More of us – about 108 – die from extreme cold than from any other natural phenomenon. And that doesn’t apply to Canadian wildlife, which is more vulnerable to Canada’s frigid climate than we are.
Canada turned 153 years in 2020.