Pizzicato is the Italian word for “plucked”. Playing pizzicato on a stringed instrument (like a violin, viola, cello, or double bass) means making the notes sound by plucking the strings with your fingers instead of using the bow.
• Plucking, or pizzicato as it’s officially known, is one of two ways of playing the violin. The other way of playing is using the bow (formally known as arco). To pluck the violin use your right index finger.
Pizzicato (/ˌpɪtsɪˈkɑːtoʊ/, Italian: [pittsiˈkaːto]; translated as “pinched” and sometimes roughly as “plucked”) is a playing technique in which the strings of a stringed instrument are plucked.
Arco: This is the Italian word for “bow”. No wonder it is used as musical notation for the strings to play the passage with the bow instead of plucking the strings. Arco is the opposite direction of pizzicato, which is the plucking direction.
You play the violin by placing it between your chin and left shoulder. Your left hand holds the neck of the violin and presses the strings to change pitch while your right hand moves the bow or plucks the strings.
Plucking is a way of pulling and releasing the string in a way that imparts momentum that causes the string to vibrate. Plucking can be done with either a finger or a pick.
[English] A bowing effect that instructs the performer of a stringed instrument to pluck the string off the fretboard with the right hand with enough force to cause it to snap back and hit the fretboard, creating a snapping sound in addition to the pitch itself.
Definition of arco
: with the bow – commonly used as a musical direction for players of stringed instruments – compare pizzicato.
The cello is performed while seated, with the instrument supported on the floor. The fingertips of the left hand stop the strings on the fretboard to determine the pitch of the fingered note. The right hand plucks or bows the strings to sound the notes.