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What Is Bulk Motion in Heat Transfer?

FAQs Jackson Bowman October 2, 2022

Heat is transferred in liquids and gases by the bulk motion of molecules; This process is called convection.

What is convective mass transfer give two examples?

Convection is mass transport due to the bulk movement of a liquid. For example the flow of liquid water carries molecules or ions dissolved in the water.

What is convection mass transfer?

Convective mass transport is the movement of material by the action of a liquid. There are three general reasons why convective mass transfer may be of interest: Mass transfer – such as drying, evaporating, or dissolving.

What is fluid convection?

Convection is the transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid (liquid or gas) between areas of different temperatures.

What is convection term?

Definition of convection

1 : the action or process of carriage. 2a : Motion in a gas or liquid where the warmer parts move up and the cooler parts move down Convection currents. b : the transfer of heat by convection by convection cooked foods – compare conduction, radiation.

What is bulk motion in physics?

Mass flow, also known as “mass transfer” and “mass flow”, is the movement of fluids along a pressure or temperature gradient, particularly in the life sciences.

What are the types of mass transfer?

Depending on the conditions, the nature and the forces responsible for mass transfer, four basic types are distinguished: (1) diffusion in a still medium, (2) mass transfer in laminar flow, (3) mass transfer in turbulent flow flow and (4) mass transfer between the phases.

What is mass transfer examples?

Some common examples of mass transfer processes are the evaporation of water from a pond into the atmosphere, the purification of blood in the kidneys and liver, and the distillation of alcohol.

What causes mass transfer?

Mass transfer is mass transport due to a species concentration gradient in a mixture. By concentration gradients we mean a spatial difference in the abundance of chemical species.

What is the difference between advection and convection?

Distinction between advection and convection

Technically, convection refers to the movement of a liquid (often due to density gradients created by thermal gradients), while advection refers to the movement of a material by velocity of the liquid.

What is bulk motion of a fluid?

Convection is the bulk movement of a fluid (gas or liquid) driven by pressure.

What are three types of convection?

Convection is one of three basic methods of heat transfer, along with conduction and radiation. The two types of thermal convection are natural (free) convection and forced convection. In most situations, both types occur simultaneously, which is known as mixed convection.

What are the types of convection?

There are two types of convection: natural convection and forced convection. Natural convection occurs due to density differences in a liquid due to temperature differences (e.g. as in “hot air rises”). Global atmospheric circulation and local weather phenomena (including wind) are due to convective heat transfer.

What is the difference between conduction and convection?

In conduction, heat transfer occurs between objects through direct contact. In convection, heat transfer occurs within the liquid. In radiation, heat transfer occurs by electromagnetic waves without the participation of particles. The heat transfer occurs due to the temperature difference.

What are 4 examples of convection?

What is called conduction?

Conduction is the process of transferring thermal energy through collisions between neighboring atoms or molecules. In solids and liquids, where the particles are closer together, conduction occurs more easily than in gases, where the particles are farther apart.

What is mass or bulk flow?

Mass or bulk flow is the movement of matter in large quantities from source to sink as a result of pressure differences. Liquids (water, minerals, and food) are generally moved by mass flow. Mass flow is usually caused by a pressure or temperature gradient.

Where does bulk flow occur?

Mass flow or volume flow of air occurs wherever there are air pressure gradients in the system. This apparent flow of air is created by the bellows movement of the thorax and is the characteristic function of larger animals called respiration.

What is the difference between mass flow and diffusion?

Mass flux is the movement of dissolved nutrients into a plant as the plant absorbs water for transpiration. The process is responsible for most of the transport of nitrate, sulfate, calcium and magnesium. Diffusion is the movement of nutrients to the root surface in response to a concentration gradient.

What are the three modes of mass transfer?

There are three modes of mass transfer that can affect an electrolysis reaction: Diffusion. Convection. Migrate.

References:

  1. https://www.comsol.com/multiphysics/what-is-convection
  2. http://www.brunel.ac.uk/~eesrjjn/masstran/cdg/masstind.html
  3. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/materials-science/convection
  4. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/convection
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_flow_(life_sciences)
  6. https://www.thermopedia.com/content/940/
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mass_transfer
  8. https://www.engr.colostate.edu/CBE101/topics/mass_transfer.html
  9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Advection
  10. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/bulk-movement
  11. https://www.accessscience.com/content/convection-heat/160000
  12. https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/engineering/convection-heat-transfer-coefficient
  13. https://byjus.com/physics/difference-between-conduction-convection-and-radiation/
  14. https://studiousguy.com/examples-convection-everyday-life/
  15. https://scied.ucar.edu/learning-zone/earth-system/conduction
  16. https://www.toppr.com/ask/question/mass-or-bulk-flow-is-the-movement-of-substances-in-bulk-from-source-to-sink/
  17. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S000709716680044X/pdf?md5=23a01637c1601e7af9a25edb355f1c41&pid=1-s2.0-S000709716680044X-main.pdf
  18. https://nrcca.cals.cornell.edu/nutrient/CA2/CA0209.php
  19. https://www.ceb.cam.ac.uk/research/groups/rg-eme/Edu/mass-transport

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