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What Is a King Stud in Construction Definition?

FAQs Jackson Bowman July 17, 2022

A king stud is a vertical structural element that is placed off layout adjacent to a framed opening on each side, such as a door or window. It is the same length as the common studs in the wall and fastened in a similar manner.

What is the function of the king stud?

The purpose of the king stud is to support the top plate along the ceiling in the absence of evenly spaced wall studs, and provide reinforcement to the opening defined by the header, sill, and jack stud.

What are jack and King studs?

The jack stud is shorter than the full-length king stud on each side of a window or door opening but critical for holding up the ends of the header that bridges the gap. The jack stud is sometimes called a trimmer stud.

Where are king studs placed?

A king stud shall be installed adjacent to the jack stud on each end of the header and face nailed at each end of the header with 4-16d nails (3.5” x 0.135”).

Is king stud necessary?

Many building codes specifically require the use of king studs to make openings sturdier, and to increase overall structural stability. Even in regions where the use of king studs is not required, many contractors like to use them anyway, to improve the quality and durability of their projects.

What size is a king stud?

“KING” Studs are fabricated in 3 5/8”, 4”, 6″, 8″, 10″, and 12″ widths. The flange size is 3″ in length with a return lip of 7/8″.

How many king studs are there?

“KING” Studs are fabricated in 3 5/8”, 4”, 6″, 8″, 10″, and 12″ widths. The flange size is 3″ in length with a return lip of 7/8″.

Can you drill through a king stud?

“KING” Studs are fabricated in 3 5/8”, 4”, 6″, 8″, 10″, and 12″ widths. The flange size is 3″ in length with a return lip of 7/8″.

What is a queen stud in framing?

A queen post is a tension member in a truss that can span longer openings than a king post truss. A king post uses one central supporting post, whereas the queen post truss uses two. Even though it is a tension member, rather than a compression member, they are commonly still called a post.

What is the bottom 2×4 of a wall called?

A horizontal piece at the bottom of the wall is called the bottom plate. The studs are nailed to this plate, which is nailed to the floor. At the top of the wall is the top plate. Often a doubled 2×4, it anchors the top ends of the studs as well as ties the wall into the ceiling.

How do you attach a king stud?

Place a king stud, a standard-sized stud, equal to the other studs in the wall, adjacent to the exterior of each jack stud. Toenail the king into the bottom plate and nail the king stud to the jack stud at regular intervals according to the nailing plan in the engineering specifications.

What is next to a king stud?

The header rests on jack studs that are nailed in place next to the king stud on each side of the opening; jack studs extend to the bottom plate of the wall. A saddle or sill is another horizontal piece that goes under the window opening and is nailed to the inside of each jack stud.

Can two headers share a king stud?

They certainly can. In fact, you can get them closer together still, if you like, by eliminating the king stud, using one or two trimmer studs (as desired for spacing), and running a continuous header.

Why do walls have a double top plate?

They certainly can. In fact, you can get them closer together still, if you like, by eliminating the king stud, using one or two trimmer studs (as desired for spacing), and running a continuous header.

References:

  1. https://mtcopeland.com/blog/what-are-jack-and-king-studs-in-framing/
  2. https://www.hometips.com/how-it-works/jack-studs.html
  3. https://www.iccsafe.org/wp-content/uploads/bcac/03W_RB286.pdf
  4. https://www.aboutmechanics.com/what-is-a-king-stud.htm
  5. http://www.westsidebmc.com/products/product-category-type/gypsum-manufacturers/cemco/kcs-stud.aspx
  6. https://up.codes/s/jack-and-king-studs
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bVNL-n17I4A
  8. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queen_post
  9. https://www.bhg.com/home-improvement/remodeling/carpentry/all-about-walls-and-ceilings/
  10. https://homesteady.com/how-10045509-install-header-beam.html
  11. https://basc.pnnl.gov/resource-guides/advanced-framing-minimal-framing-doors-and-windows
  12. https://diy.stackexchange.com/questions/117917/can-adjacent-windows-share-a-king-stud-to-bring-them-closer-together
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AMl7zT0mIL8

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