During the time of the Roman Republic, standards were printed with the letters SPQR, which was an abbreviation of Senatus Populusque Romanus (Senate and People of Rome). The standard thus represented not only the legion or cohort that carried it, but also the citizens of Rome and the policies the army represented.
Latin initialism for the language “The Senate and People of Rome“. Watch.
“Invicta” has been a motto for centuries. Roma invicta is a Latin phrase meaning “unconquered Rome” inscribed on a statue in Rome. It was an inspirational motto used until the fall of the Western Roman Empire in AD 476.
At the end of the book, Percy Jackson also gets his tattoo when he takes Jason Grace’s place as Praetor of Camp Jupiter. His tattoo consisted of a trident, Neptune’s symbol, and a line for his first year in the legion.
Roman soldiers were tattooed with permanent dots – the sign of SPQR or Senatus Populusque Romanus – and used as a means of identification and membership in a particular unit. The Greek word stizein means tattoo, and it evolved into the Latin word stigma, meaning a mark or brand.
Legion, a military organization originally the largest permanent organization in the armies of ancient Rome. The term legion also refers to the military system used by Imperial Rome to conquer and rule the ancient world.
Substance, product, organizational and referential (SPOR) master data.
The emblem continued to be used up to the 4th century AD.
The expression “Veni, vidi, vici“, which translates into English as “I came, I saw, I conquered”, can be taken as Julius Caesar’s…
There was no such thing as an ancient Roman flag as we know it. What the Romans used instead of a flag were battle standards of various types and forms. Many public buildings had inscriptions on their facades. The letters S.P.Q.R.
According to the 1st century CE Roman historian Suetonius, Julius Caesar spoke mainly Greek and not Latin, as did most patricians of the time.
The sword is a medium-length xiphos (a Greek one-handed double-edged sword).
Camp Jupiter is a camp dedicated to the protection and education of the children of the Roman gods and their descendants. Its entrance is a service tunnel near the main Caldecott Tunnel in the Oakland Hills near San Francisco. The current Praetors are Hazel Levesque and Frank Zhang. It is the Roman equivalent of Camp Half-Blood.
Percy has a total of four beads on his necklace, along with other items he has received at various times. In The Last Olympian, Percy hangs his father’s gift, a sand dollar, on his necklace and later gives it to the Hudson and East Rivers.