TCP Checksum / Bad TCP is quite normal for Wireshark and other packet sniffing tools because you have enabled checksum offloading on your wireless card, you can disable it or ignore it. TCP retransmission is the root cause of your network problems.
TCP parsing flags are added to the TCP protocol tree under SEQ/ACK Parsing. Each flag is described below. Terms such as “next expected sequence number” and “next expected acknowledgment number” refer to the following: Next expected sequence number. The last seen sequence number plus segment length.
Figure 11: Wireshark Color Rule Editor with a valid color filter. (String input field: a green background indicates a valid display filter; a red background indicates an invalid display filter)
When virtual machines use TCP checksum offloading, the TCP checksum is added to the packet by the network interface and not by the operating system’s TCP/IP stack. This means that network traffic is captured before the checksum is calculated and therefore the checksum is wrong.
Wireshark has an option under Analyze -> Expert Information showing a summary of packet loss “Previous segments not captured…”, retransmission, connection reset, packets out of order, duplicate ACK and many other types of problems rated by severity .< /p>
If you want to filter the packets captured by Wireshark so that you only see packets with errors, you can use the filter wizard. severity== error . The packet selected in the example above has an Ethernet level frame check sequence error.
The TCP retransmission mechanism ensures data is reliably sent end-to-end. If retransmissions are detected in a TCP connection, it is logical to assume that there has been a packet loss on the network somewhere between the client and server.
The TCP flags are: SYNchronization: Request a connection. ACKnowledgement: Acknowledges receipt of a packet. FINish: Closes a connection gracefully.
Packages are likely to be highlighted in different colors. Wireshark uses colors to help you identify traffic types at a glance. By default, light purple represents TCP traffic, light blue represents UDP traffic, and black denotes packets with errors – for example, they might not have been delivered in the correct order.
If the received checksum is wrong, Wireshark doesn’t even see the packet because the Ethernet hardware discards the packet internally. Higher-level checksums are “traditionally” calculated by the protocol implementation and the finished packet is then passed to the hardware.
The TCP checksum was limited by the computing power available at the time. It gives you 99.9984% confidence that your data has not been corrupted by single-bit errors.
Common reasons for retransmissions are network congestion causing packets to be dropped (either a TCP segment is lost on the way to the destination or the associated ACK is lost on the way back to the sender), Strict router QoS rules giving preference to certain protocols and TCP segments arriving…