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What Are 2 Dots Above a Letter Called?

FAQs Jackson Bowman August 17, 2022

The letter Ä with two dots is an umlaut. If you’ve ever wondered what those two dots above an “ä” mean, they’re commonly called umlauts. They are used particularly often in German to modify the suggested pronunciation of the letter a.

What does 2 dots over a letter mean?

Umlaut Add to list Share. If you’ve ever learned German, you’ve seen an umlaut. It’s a character that looks like two dots over a letter, and it means a shift in pronunciation.

What are the two dots in ä Ö Ü called?

The German umlaut (“Diaeresis” in English)

The two dots sometimes placed over the German vowels a, o, and u are known as the umlaut. The umlauted vowels ä, ö, and ü (and their capitalized equivalents Ä, Ö, Ü) are actually shorthand for ae, oe, and ue, respectively.

How do you pronounce the letter with two dots over it?

What are the 2 dots above a letter called in French?

The Trema (L’Accent Tréma) in French

Finally, we have the trema: two small dots over a letter. It stands above an “e”, “i” or “u”: ë, ï, ü. The trema is also sometimes referred to as “diaeresis” or “umlaut”, although it’s not technically an umlaut.

How do you pronounce Ö?

To pronounce the ö sound, say “ay” as in day (or as in the German word see). As you continue to make this sound, close your lips tightly. .

What language uses Ë?

Albanian. Ë is the 8th letter of the Albanian alphabet and represents the vowel /ə/. It is the fourth most common letter in the language, accounting for 7.74 percent of all typefaces.

What does diaeresis mean?

Definition of diaeresis

1 : a sign ¨ over a vowel to indicate that the vowel is pronounced in a separate syllable (as in naïve or brontë) – compare umlaut . 2 : the break in a verse caused by the coincidence of a footer with the end of a word.

What countries use umlaut?

Is an umlaut an accent?

Rather than implying an accent or stress, German umlauts are independent characters with variations representing both long and short sounds. In French and Spanish, the same symbol is used as an umlaut, but it stands for something completely different called diaeresis.

What is Ö in English?

Ö ö Ö, or ö, is a character representing either one of several extended Latin alphabets, or the letter “o” modified with an [umlaut]. In many languages, the letter “ö” or the “o” modified with a dierese is used to denote the non-closed front rounded vowels [ø] or [œ].

What does the ü sound like?

Pronouncing the umlaut Ü

To pronounce the umlaut Ü, make the sound “ee” and purse your lips as if you are whistling, almost fully closed. Your tongue must remain in the same place where you say the sound “ee” and you should only change the shape of your mouth as if we were saying “oo”.

What letters can have an umlaut?

Umlauts are used to form three “mutated” vowels in the German language. The German alphabet contains the three standard vowel sounds for the letters a (ah), o (oh), and u (ooh), but when these letters are combined with the umlaut as ä, ö, and ü, their pronunciation changes (read on to find out how).

How is a pronounced?

Phonetically, ⟨â⟩ is traditionally pronounced as /ɑ/, but is now used in many dialects, such as in Parisian French, rarely distinguished from /a/.

How do you pronounce aigu?

Why does Noel have an umlaut?

Whereas the umlaut represents a sound shift, the diaeresis indicates a specific vowel letter that is not pronounced as part of a digraph or diphthong. In French words like Noël (Christmas), the two dots are there to remind you not to merge the two vowels into one sound, but to pronounce the O and E separately.

References:

  1. https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/umlaut
  2. https://www.german-way.com/history-and-culture/german-language/german-language-2/
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZaDijq3M2U
  4. https://www.fluentin3months.com/french-accent-marks/
  5. https://www.thegermanprofessor.com/how-to-pronounce-o-and-u/
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%8B
  7. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/diaeresis
  8. https://www.k-international.com/blog/a-brief-history-of-the-umlaut/
  9. https://blog.rosettastone.com/everything-you-need-to-know-about-umlauts/
  10. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%96
  11. https://www.studying-in-germany.org/learn-german/german-umlauts/
  12. https://www.expatrio.com/living-germany/learn-german/german-alphabet-and-grammar
  13. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%82
  14. https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/aigu
  15. https://www.babbel.com/en/magazine/the-history-of-the-umlaut-and-the-diaeresis-and-how-to-pronounce-them

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