They have specialized roots to take in oxygen. The leaves on the surface are flat to facilitate buoyancy. Also, the presence of air sacs helps them float. The roots are very small.
Water lilies have a number of adaptations that help them survive in water, including large leaves that float on the water’s surface to attract ample sunlight for photosynthesis. The top of the leaf is covered with a cuticle to keep it as dry as possible, and the underside has thorns to protect against predators.
It has wide floating leaves and brightly scented flowers. The leaves and flowers are floating and have long stems that contain air spaces. It has many petals that overlap in the symmetrical pattern. The root functions of the lotus are performed by rhizomes that spread horizontally through the mud beneath the water.
A lotus plant adapts to aquatic life by developing leaves and stems that have a waxy texture and are essentially “hydrophobic”. Lotus plants have achieved the hydrophobic effect.
The lotus root gets oxygen through the lotus leaf and the cavity of the petiole so it can breathe. Therefore, if small holes in the lotus leaf are filled with dirt, etc., the lotus root cannot breathe.
The leaves of the lotus plant are very broad and disc-shaped. This allows them to float on water and absorb a lot of sunlight. The stem and leaf surfaces of lotus are coated with a wax that is very difficult to wet. Therefore, it keeps the surfaces free of excess water even in water-rich environments.
First of all, the lotus has a life cycle like no other plant. With its roots in the mud, it sinks into the river water every night and miraculously blooms again the next morning, sparkling clean. In many cultures, this process associates the flower with rebirth and spiritual enlightenment.
The lotus is unusual among flowers in part because the blooms are usually perfect. The flowers are eye-catching and eye-catching, all the more so because they stand high above the muddy water they naturally grow in. It’s that last part that can be the most important.