Violins, ready to play with chinrest, weigh less than 400 grams. very occasionally to over 500 grams. Usually the heavier violins are not the best sounding ones. Depending on the body size and equipment, viola weights have a large spread (511-731 g).
Good workbench violins are generally quite light. 400 grams are very easy and very nice to achieve.
A violin string has a free length of almost 325 mm = 0.325 m, a diameter of 0.25 mm = 0.00025 m and the density of steel is 7 800 kg/m3, resulting in a weight of 7 800 x 3 .14 x (diameter /2)2 = 0.000383 kg/m. The frequency is 660 Hz and a little calculation gives a string tension of 70 N (“7.1 kg”).
While a cheap violin may “work” for a while, it generally is a false frugality, as I’ve illustrated in this article. If you buy a new violin for $100 you will probably have to spend $300 to repair it and even then it will end up disappointing due to poor workmanship, materials etc.
A classical violin weighs about 480 g. The weight of an electric violin varies from manufacturer to manufacturer. Be careful with electric violins that are too heavy, as they tire your arms and hands and lead to tension and tendonitis in the long term.
Western classical players sometimes use “fiddle” as an affectionate term for the fiddle, that intimate companion and workmate. But in the United States, “fiddle” mostly means the fiddle as used in Irish-Scottish-French traditional music and all American descendant styles: Appalachian, Bluegrass, Cajun, etc.
In general, light is good. A well-made violin will have a front that is usually less than 3mm thick. The back should vary from about 5mm to about 2.5mm. A cheap factory made instrument will have thicker wood throughout.
Violist 1. / (vɪˈəʊlɪst)/ noun. US a person who plays the viola.
Violins typically range in price from $50 to $500 for a children’s violin and $600 to $5,000 or more for a more advanced instrument. That being said, many factors play into how much a violin costs. And you often pay for a bow and a protective case in addition to the violin.
Hill is a popular plain steel E for use with A, D and G. 25 gauge is thin. 26 gauge is medium. 27 gauge is thick.
Violins come in eight main sizes. The size corresponds to the body length of the violin (without neck and scroll). The smallest is 1/16 (only 9 inches or 23 cm), and the sizes work up through 1/10, 1/8, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, 7/8 and finally 4/ 4 or full size (approx. 14 inches or 36 cm).
The price of a good violin can vary from about $1,000 to hundreds of thousands of dollars. (This refers to antique or historical instruments made by famous luthiers.)
The Vieuxtemps Guarneri Violin
This Guarneri del Gesù instrument is now the world’s most expensive violin, selling for an estimated $16 million (£10.5 million). Its new owner anonymously gave the historical instrument to the violinist Anne Akiko Meyers on loan for the rest of her life.