Soaking treatment is another effective way to reduce the amount of antinutrients in tree leaves. Chanchay and Poosaran (100) reported that mimosine content can be reduced from 4.4 to 0.2% and tannin content from 37.6 to 0.3% in leaves of Leucaena leucocephala by drying-soaking-drying treatments.< /p>
Therefore, soaking the leaves for 24 hours was effective in reducing the mimosine content of the leaves and consequently improved the survival rate. A 42 hour soak with a water change after the 24 hour soak would extract more mimosine than in 24 hours.
Mimosine or leucenol is a toxic non-protein amino acid chemically similar to tyrosine and was first isolated from Mimosa pudica.
Mimosine is an amitotic agent, and one of its main effects is to stop hair growth. It was tested for a possible role in chemical sheep shearing. Leucaena seeds, rich in mimosine, usually have limited use as curry sambal in human diet in Indonesia.
Unfortunately, Leucaena contains mimosine, a plant-based amino acid that can be toxic if taken in higher concentrations. Reported toxic effects include alopecia (loss of fur), poor body condition, infertility, low birth weight, thyroid dysfunction and organ toxicity.
– Roasted seeds used as a coffee substitute. – Roasted seeds used as an emollient. – Used for intestinal parasitism: ascaris and trichinosis. – Roots used in broth as emmenagogue.
Leucaena leucocephala is a nitrogen-fixing tropical legume tree that produces two pyridine alkaloids, i.e. e. Mimosine [beta-(3-Hydroxy-4-pyridon-1-yl)-L-alanine] and Trigonelline (1-Methylpyridinium-3-carboxylate).
Leukocephalic gum exudates, similar to those found in other legumes. Among the antinutritional factors, the alkaloid mimosine, beta-N(3-hydroxy-4-pyridone)-x-aminopropionic acid, a toxic nonprotein amino acid (Fig. 1) , is an important one component.
L-Mimosine is an L-alpha amino acid that is propionic acid substituted by an amino group at the 2-position and a 3-hydroxy-4-oxopyridin-1(4H)-yl group at the 3-position< is substituted /b> (the 2S stereoisomer).
Excellent source of high quality protein, but if eaten in excess over a period of weeks it causes toxic effects with over-excitability as the first symptom. . Horses are particularly susceptible to the toxic effects of overeating.